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The "Gimmel" may appear with or without a dagesh. But, the dagesh (dot) does not change the sound of the gimmel. It makes the "G" sound like girl.
The Gimmel has a numerical value of three, and replaces the number 3 (three) as the subchapter heading throughout the Torah and Tanakh.
Written Hebrew in Israel leaves out the Nikkud (vowel symbols). The word in context indicates how a letter should be pronounced. Also, modern Hebrew has many words which are not in the Torah/Tanakh, such as telephone. Hebrew script (cursive) is used widely throughout Israel, though it is not covered in these lessons.